Seated Buddha

Kyauktawgyi Temple, Mandalay
1865

This huge Buddha is seated in bhumisparsha mudra, the gesture of "calling the Earth to witness." The focus of this statue is the hand; the eyes are severely downcast if not actually closed (c.f. another example, from a modern temple at the top of Mandalay Hill, and an earlier example from Manuha). In Thailand, by way of contrast, the hand is moved further out, in front of the knee, and the figure's gaze, while still psychologically inward, is at least half-open (example, from Lan Na).