Timeline Of Indonesian History
(see also: Southeast Asia Timeline)
|1,800,000 BC - 10,000 BC||Pleistocene Epoch|
|10,000 BC - 1,000 BC||Neolithic Era|
|1,000 BC - 2d c. AD||Bronze Age|
|2d - 15th c.||Hindu-Buddhist Period|
|15th - 18th c.||Muslim Period|
|18th - 20th c.||Colonial Period|
|1,800,000 BP||Earliest known Homo erectus fossil in Java.|
|40,000 BP||Homo sapiens (modern human) fossils in Java.|
|2d millennium BC||Austronesians migrate from Philippines to Indonesia.|
|1st millennium BC||Dong-Son bronze culture. Moon of Pejing (Bali). Wet-field rice cultivation. Ikat weaving. Small towns, villages, polities.|
|3d - 14th century||Srivijaya Dynasty (Sumatra)|
|358 - 669||Tarumanagara Kingdom (Java, near Jakarka)|
|5th century||King Purnawarman (Tarumanagara): inscriptions, waterworks|
|8th - early 10th century||Central Javanese Period:
||c. 929 - 1500||East Javanese Period: The sites of central Java are abandoned, and the political and cultural center of Java shifts to the eastern part of the island.
||991 - 1049||Airlangga, founder and sole ruler of short-lived Kingdom of Kahuripan (Central Java and Bali). Patron of arts and literature.
||1222 - 1292||Singosari Dynasty (E. Java); rules Bali, 1284 - 1292.
||1293 - 1343||Pejeng Dynasty (Bali)
||1293 - 1500||Majapahit (pronounced "ma'ja-p-eye-t;" E. Java). Successor kingdom to Singosari following Kublai Kahn's 1293 invasion; capital at Trowulan.
||1331 - 1364||Gajah Mada is Prime Minister of Majapahit under two successive kings; Golden Age of Majapahit.
||1343 - 1500||Majapahit rules Bali
||1350 - 1389||King Hayam Wuruk, great king of Majapahit.
|1402 - 1511||Sultanate of Malacca (Malaysia and Sumatra)|
|1475 - 1518||Sultanate of Demak (Java); conquers Majapahit c.1500|
|1496 – 1903||Sultanate of Aceh (Aceh Province, Sumatra)|
|1500 - 1700||Gegel dynasty (Hindu-Buddhist) on Bali, populated by refugees from the fall of Majapahit.|
|1526 - 1813||Sultanate of Banten (Java)|
|c.1575 - 1755||Sultanate of Mataram (Java; pronounced "muh-TAR-um")|
|1613 - 1646||Sultan Agung (Mataram); sultanate at greatest extent|
|1511||Portugal conquers the Sultanate of Malacca|
|1619||Dutch East India Co. ("VOC") seizes Jayakarta (Dutch Batavia, modern Jakarta).|
|1800||VOC dissolved by Dutch government.|
|1811-1816||British interregnum; Thomas Stamford Raffles is Lieutenant-Governor of Java.|
|1825 - 1830||Java War, a failed rebellion against the Dutch; 200,000 Javanese dead.|
|1830 - 1942||Dutch Colonial Period on Java|
|1849 - 1942||Dutch Colonial Period on Bali|
|1906||Suicide charge by nobles of Denpasar (Bali) against an attacking Dutch army|
|1942 - 1945||Japanese occupation|
|1945 - 1950||Following Japanese surrender, the new Javanese Republic (Yogyakarta) fights Dutch re-occupiers; independence finally achieved in 1950 with U.N. support.|